Resources at BHM

Below are some of the resources and topics you can find further information about in our main exhibit gallery.

Beaufort’s Natural Resources

  • Geography of Beaufort (60+  islands, Barrier/Remnant Islands, Tidal change)
  • Ecology of Beaufort ( natural food sources)

American Indians

  • Prehistoric Chronology
  • Technology (technological cradle)Architecture (shell middens/rings)
  • Archaeological Reflections of American Indians
  • The Yamassee people (villages, language, Settler influences)
  • Altamaha (permanent settlement)
  • Trade practices and Yamassee War (displacement of Natives)
  • Modern S.C. tribes

Discovering the New World

  • Spanish Exploration ( 1514 first exploration, Francisco Chicora)
  • Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon, Jean Ribault, William Hilton
  • Charlesfort; Santa Elena (Fort San Filipe, Fort San Marcos); Stuart Town

Founding of Beaufort

  • Carolina Colony (Lord’s Proprietors, King Charles II)
  • Founding of Beaufort Town (Henry Woodward, Henry Summerset 2nd Duke of Beaufort, Tuscarora Jack Barnwell)
  • Deerskin and Slave Trades (routes/roads)
  • Early Plantation Life (rice, indigo, cattle, Eliza Lucas Pickney)

American Revolution

  • Thomas Heyward Jr.
  • Declaration of Independence (grievance #4)
  • Loyalists vs. Patriots
  • Battle of Beaufort
  • Economic impact of the war
  • National Militia Act and History of the Arsenal (BVA)

Antebellum Beaufort

  • Town Life (architecture, opulent lifestyle)
  • Beaufort College
  • Plantation Life (task system, slave life)
  • Expansion of Slave Trade
  • Gullah/Geechee Culture
  • Sea Island Cotton

Civil War in Beaufort

  • Nullification Crisis
  • Secession (Robert Barnwell Rhett)
  • Battle of Port Royal (General PT Beauregard, Fort Walker, Fort Beauregard, General Thomas Sherman, Commodore Samuel Dupont, the Great skadattle, Union’s Blockade Stratagy)
  • Occupation
  • Hospitals
  • Development of National Cemetery
  • Contrabands
  • 1st S.C. Volunteer Infantry  (General Rufus Saxton, Port Royal Experiment)
  • Robert Smalls (The Planter, political career, public school system)
  • Susie King Taylor, Harriet Tubman, General PT Beauregard

 Postbellum Beaufort

  • Mitchelville/Freedman’s Bureau/ Missionary Societies
  • Port Royal Experiment
  • Politics of Reconstruction (Robert Smalls, sharecropping)
  • Mather School
  • Penn School
  • Truck Farming
  • Phosphate Mining
  • Seafood Industry (Blue Crab, Oyster canning)
  • Hurricanes (Clara Barton, Red Cross)

Twentieth Century Beaufort

  • Military comes to Beaufort (Parris Island, NHB, MCAS)
  • Tenant Farming and The Depression
  •  Jim Crow/Civil Rights (Martin Luther King)
  • Re-envisioning Beaufort (Henry Chambers, Waterfront park, Tourism
  • Sheriff McTeer (root medicine/hoodoo, History of BHM)
  • Gullah Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor
  • Film Industry
  • Water Festival

Our mission is to preserve, portray, and promote the experiences of our past that influence us now and in the future.

The Beaufort History Museum is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization. 713 Craven Street, Beaufort, SC 29902. Mailing Address: PO Box 172, Beaufort, SC 29901 

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